CIRA, the Registry operator for the .CA ccTLD, is proposing to expand its mandate to the .EH, the currently unassigned ccTLD for Western Sahara.
Currently, IANA has no sponsoring organizations assigned to this domain. Western Sahara is a disputed territory, and as such it has no delegated country code top-level domain (ccTLD). .EH has been reserved for this purpose, and will be assigned if the competing claimants reach an agreement. Since the two logical applicants remain armed belligerents; the domain remains inactive.
Into this void steps CIRA to the rescue, vowing to put the .EH TLD to better use. More details here:
More from Wikipedia:
On October 16, 2007, ICANN decided not to delegate .eh at all, with the explanation that:
“there are currently two applicants for the delegation of the country code top-level domain (ccTLD) .EH (Western Sahara). Both requests meet the technical criteria for managing a top-level domain. In cases like this, IANA has a long-standing policy of requesting that the two contesting applicants work together to find a mutual solution that will serve the needs of the local Internet community in the best possible fashion. ICANN does not see a way to approve the .EH ccTLD delegation to one of the applicants without violating its long-standing policy unless the contesting parties are able to reach an agreement.”